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Black Widow Spider

german cockroach

Female Black Widow spiders have a red hourglass shape on their backs. Males have white spots on their sides. Males only live about a year, but the female can live up to 3 years. Hungry female Black Widow spiders have been known to kill the male spider after mating, but that isnít always the case. Geographically, Black Widow spiders can be found in the Eastern, Central and Western United States.

 

 

Size: 3/4" to 3/8"

Shape: Round

Color: Black with characteristic red "hourglass" on back

Legs: 8

Wings: No

Antenna: No

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Common Name: Black Widow Spider

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Order: Araneae

Family: Theridiidae

Species: Lactrodectus mactans

DIET

Black Widow spiders eat other pests. Sometimes they even eat other spiders!

HABITAT

Black Widow spiders tend to live in cellars and in piles of wood or trash.

IMPACT

The bite of a female Black Widow spider can be poisonous but not deadly to humans. The male Black Widow spider does not bite. A Black Widow spider bite is pale in the middle with a red ring around it and is followed by severe cramping, weakness, sweating, headache, anxiety, itching, nausea, vomiting, difficult breathing and increased blood pressure.

PREVENTING SPIDER BITES

  • Wear heavy gloves when moving things that have been stored for a long time.
  • Shake out your shoes before putting them on.
  • Just to be safe, stay away from spider webs.

Find information on black widow spider control at the official NPMA website.

Brown Recluse Spider

german cockroach

Brown recluse spiders get their name because of their tendency to hide in corners. They are identified by the dark brown violin shaped markings on their back. Native to Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma and Mississippi, they are nocturnal pests.

 

 

Size: 5/8"

Shape: Round

Color: Light to dark brown, with a dark brown violin shaped marking on their back.

Legs: 8

Wings: No

Antenna: No

click to download info sheet  

Common Name: Brown Recluse Spider

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Order: Araneae

Family: Sicariidae

Species: Loxosceles reclusa

DIET

Brown Recluse spiders eat other bugs like cockroaches and crickets.

HABITAT

Brown Recluse spiders live in cellars and in piles of wood or trash.

IMPACT

The brown recluse spider only bites to protect itself. Its bite is painful and can produce an open, ulcerating sore. The center of their bite becomes a blister surrounded by an angry-looking red ring, which is then surrounded by a white ring. A red, itchy rash usually appears in the first 24-48 hours of being bitten. Other symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting and muscle aches.

PREVENTING SPIDER BITES

  • Donít leave clothing on the floor.
  • Store clothes and shoes inside plastic containers and shake them out before wearing them.

Find information on brown recluse spider control at the official NPMA website.


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